Unidad Venres Clínicos
“Decana de los Servicios de Psicología en una Universidad Española”

Investigación

Fecha: 26/01/2018
Categoría: Investigación
Recently, Specialist Supportive Clinical Management (SSCM) has once again been found to be equally efficacious in comparison to the Maudsley model of anorexia nervosa treatment for adults (MANTRA) and an enhanced version of cognitive behavior therapy treatment (CBT-E), even though: ‘It was hypothesized that CBT-E and MANTRA would be superior to SSCM in terms of weight gain and eating disorder psychopathology as they both focus on specific maintaining processes’ (Byrne et al. 2017, p. 2824). It is interesting to stress that in this study the developers of the specialized brand-name treatments were involved in the design and monitoring of the study, which guaranteed that the appropriate version of the treatment was used in this randomized clinical trial.
Fecha: 03/02/2016
Categoría: Investigación
Disparate treatments, placebos, and treatments as usual have similar efficacy for anorexia nervosa. A parsimonious dissection of the this issue with Occam’s razor will necessarily challenge the assumptions on which the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa is based. One such assumption is the role of body-image disturbance, which became a key diagnostic symptom of anorexia nervosa in the literature almost five decades ago, long before any empirical evidence was gathered about this symptom. Body-image disturbance is far more represented among therapists and in the hypotheses of researchers than in the minds of patients. Concerns about body image might not stem exclusively from the patient’s underlying motives for refusing food, but might be in part a by-product of the “psychiatrist zeal in searching out motives”, as first recognised before the inclusion of body-image disturbance in the conceptualisation of anorexia nervosa. Body-image disturbance and weight and shape concerns are the result of an acculturation process spread through the therapeutic milieu and the mass media. 
Fecha: 16/10/2014
Categoría: Investigación
This paper presents an alternative explanation conspicuously lacking in the literature as to the scarce evidence concerning the efficacy of psychotherapy in anorexia nervosa. The absence of data supporting a particular treatment undermines the basic tenets underlying the theory on which it is grounded, or is at least a defective translation of the theory into the “dos” and “don’ts” of manualized treatment. This assertion is elucidated by recent research on a placebo and non-specific treatment that was found to be more effective than a number of specialized treatments. 
Fecha: 16/10/2014
Categoría: Investigación

Seasonal differences in anorexia nervosa is an area of research which has received scarce attention in the literature. The aim of this study was to explore   patterns of seasonal variation in body weight in anorexia nervosa patients admitted to an eating disorders unit from January 2007 to December 2011. Anorexia nervosa restrictive (ANR) and binge eating/purging (ANBP) subtypes were compared with respect to BMI on admission during the Warm and Cold Semester, and in terms of lenght of hospital stay. The main result was that BMI differences between ANBP and ANR patients were due to bodyweight differences during the colder months of the year (p < 0.01) whereas no difference in bodyweight on admission was observed between both subtypes during the Warm Semester months.  Furthermore, ANR patients’ bodyweight was lower when admitted during the Cold compared to the Warm Semester (p < 0.05). Length of stay was significantly associated with reduced BMI in ANR patients (p < 0.01), but not so for ANBP patients. To our knowledge, this is the first study in the literature providing data on seasonal variations in the BMI on admission of anorexia nervosa patients, and in the length of hospitalization.

 

 

Fecha: 09/05/2013
Categoría: Investigación
Gutierrez, E., Carrera, O., Vazquez, R. Birmingham. CL.. Climate might be considered as a isk factor for anorexia nervosa? An hypothesis worth other look. in press, Eating Behaviors
Fecha: 30/04/2013
Categoría: Investigación
 GUTIERREZ, E., CARRERA, O. Psychological therapies in Anorexia Nervosa: On the wrong track. British Journal of Psychiatry,2013, 202:384. 
Fecha: 30/04/2013
Categoría: Investigación
Último articulo en prensa en el International Journal of Eating Disorders.